Arapaho Blackberry - Erect - Thornless

SKU
BLACK-ARAPAHO
Out of stock
Quantity Price
1-24 $7.10
25-99 $5.70
100 + $4.60

 

 
$7.10
Overview

Popular variety due to small seed size, it is the earliest ripening thornless blackberry cultivar known to date. The plants are moderately vigorous and erect in growth habit. The outstanding characteristics are thornless erect, self-supporting canes, good fruit quality, medium sized (approx. 5 g) Earliness of ripening and its ability to establish a full fruiting row quickly.

Hardiness Zone: 6 - 10

 

ATTENTION: Cannot ship plants to the state of California. 

Let's Get Started Blackberries 

Raspberries & Blackberries 

Both members of the genus Rubus, are collectively known as brambles. All brambles have a perennial root system which produces canes that are either biennial (grow for 2 years) or annual. During the first growing year, the canes are vegetative and are known as primocanes. In the second growing season, the canes become reproductive and bear fruit. Following fruiting, these 2-year-old canes, now called floricanes, die. At the same time, the bramble plant is also producing new primocanes. Under good care, the plant will normally grow and bear fruit for ten years

The planting site should receive full sun and have good air drainage. Brambles should not be grown in an area in which tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, peppers, or other crops are susceptible to Verticillium wilt have been grown in the past 3-4 years.

To avoid getting diseases from wild brambles, all wild brambles within 600 feet of your planting should be removed. Heavy or poorly drained soil should be avoided as bramble roots cannot tolerate a water saturated soil condition. Even areas that pond after it rains should be avoided. You should prepare your bramble site at least one year prior to planting.

Work to build up organic matter and eliminate perennial weeds. A pH of 5.5 to 6.5 is desirable and the pH should not be below 5.5 or above 7 as serious problems will arise. Contact a fertilizer supplier or your County Extension Office for testing procedures and to determine the best way to amend your soil. 

 

  Planting Distance *1 Planting Distance *1  Interval from Planting to Fruiting  Full Production  Life of Plants  Height of Mature Plant Est. Annual Yield
  Between Rows (ft) Between Plants (ft) Years  Years  Years  Feet  Per Plant 
Blackberry - Erect 6-8 3 1 2 10-12 4-5 1 qt 
Blackberry - Trailing 6-8 6-10 1 2 8-10 6-8 4-10 qts
Blackberry - Everbearing 6-8 4-5 1 2 8-10 6-8 2 qts

(1) = Minimum suggested spacing. 

Brambles should be planted on deep, well-drained loamy soils. They can be grown on sandy soils if irrigated. 90% of the bramble root system is in the top 20 inches of the soil-so proper fertilizer and an ample supply of water is important. Set your plants in trenches large enough to contain the roots without crowding. Separate the roots in half and spread out on both sides of the cane. Set all brambles one inch deeper than they were in the nursery. You can determine the proper depth by the dark brown color line on the cane. 

Blackberries Erect: Should be planted 6-8 ft in between the rows and 3 ft apart in between each plant. 

Blackberries Trellising: Should be planted 6-8 ft in between the rows and 6-10 in between each plant. 

Cut cane off at the ground level at time of planting. The roots should only be covered with approximately 2" of soil. Be sure to press dirt firmly about the roots and water well to prevent air pockets. If the weather is dry, put on a light straw mulch. Blackberry rotos are particularly sensitive to sunlight, so it is very important to keep the root covered as much as possible while plants are out of the ground. If they are any wild brambles growing around or near your new planting, they should be dug up and destroyed to prevent the possibility of their carrying disease. 

Apply 3-5 days after planting, use 1 cup per 10 feet of row, spread evenly with a 12" circle around the plant but no closer than 6" from the cane. 

2nd year apply 1/2 cup per 10 feet of row in the spring when new growth starts and again after harvest. 

3rd year apply 3/4 cup per 10 feet of row in the spring when new growth starts and again after harvest. 

Ample amounts of water are needed for a healthy bramble planting, but never standing water. Newly planted plants should be watered well. Producing fields need up to two inches of water per week. This is especially true during fruit development and up to harvest. The use of mulch can help maintain and moderate fluctuations in available moisture but may increase your chances of developing root disease. Therefore, we do not recommend using mulch after the first year. 

Primocane Bearing Blackberries 

Fall-bearing or primocane blackberries can be tipped to stimulate earlier fruit development, keep canes more manageable and increase yield. As the primocanes reach 12-15" in height, cut 3/4-1" off the tip of each cane to force lateral branching. Tip again when branches reach 30". In late winter early spring cut canes off at ground level and destroy. 

Summer Blackberries: 

Erect - When blackberry primocanes (1st-year growth) reach about 36 inches, tip them to stimulate lateral branching. 

Trailing - Tip primocanes when they reach 5' (mid-summer) select the best 6-8 primocanes per linear row and attach to a trellis. 

In early spring, remove any dead or damaged canes and thin remaining canes leaving 5-6 per linear row. Prune laterals back to approximately 12' or a pencil diameter. immediately after fruiting, remove floricanes at ground level and burn. 

Where good sanitation is used (old fruited and infected canes are removed from the field). Anthracnose may not be a problem, especially on red raspberries. Where cane diseases are a problem, primarily black and purple raspberries, Lime Sulfur is very important. Lime Sulfur is recommended for use on brambles as a delayed-dormant application in early spring (when buds show 1/4 -inch green), it can label. If applied late in the season (after 1/4-inch green), it can cause severe damage to leave and young canes. Lime sulfur is recommended for control of the cane-infecting fungi (anthracnose, cane blight, and spur blight). The delayed dormant application in spring is intended to eliminate or reduce the overwintering inoculums for these diseases on canes. Lime sulfur has a bad smell (rotten eggs) so there can be a problem spraying it around your neighbors. In addition, Lime sulfur is very caustic. It is harmful to machine parts, paint (especially on cars) and sprayers. Special care should be taken to avoid drift and proper protective clothing should be worn by the applicator. 

Medium to heavy soils often lack the proper drainage needed to successfully grow brambles, as Phytophthora Root Rot, a soil-borne fungus is commonly associated with poorly drained locations. Raised beds can be a positive cultural step for control of the disease. Results of experiments show an 87% increase in yields on raised bramble beds. Raised bed production has long been considered an important cultural method for improving soil drainage. Even efforts for an 8-10" bed will be worth the investment. Research has shown, raised beds are an important step for increasing yields in Phytophthora susceptible bramble varieties. 

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